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May 28, 2015     Cheney Free Press
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May 28, 2015

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CHENEY FREE PRESS Thursday, May 28, 2015 't exte REPRINTED FROM THE ORANGE COUNTY REGISTER The House this past Thursday adjourned for its week-long Me- morial Day recess leaving uncer- tain the fate of three provisions of the USA Patriot Act scheduled to expire June 1. Sen. John McCain, the Arizona, Republican, told CNN on Friday that he expects the House to inter- rupt its recess "for a few hours" to pass a short-term extension of the expiring provisions. "I think," said McCain, "one thing we all are in agreement in (is) we can't shut down the entire operation." But no one is talking about repealing the entire Patriot Act - save for maybe Sen. Rand Patti, the Kentucky Republican, who spent 10 and a half hours on the Senate floor last week inveigh- ing against the controversial law. But there are many lawmak- ers, in both chambers of Con- gress, and on both sides of the aisle, who think Sections 206, 215 and 6001 ought to be revised, if not allowed to expire. Section 206 authorizes "rov- ing" wiretaps under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act without a named target or specific device to be tapped; Section 6001 is a "lone wolf" provision that allows surveillance of foreign- ers with no known ties to terror groups. Both are problematic. But Section 215, which autho- iizes collection of phone records if they are "relevant" to a national security case, is by far the most odious of the expiring provisions. Both the George W. Bush and Obama administrations have taken an extremely expansive view of what may be considered relevant. That has given the National Security Agency and other government agencies license to collect so-called "metadata" on untold millions of Americans - without warrants and without probable cause to believe that those monitored are in any way involved in terror-related activi- ties. Defenders of Section 215 sug- gest that America will be more vulnerable to terror attack if the provision is allowed to lapse. But a report Thursday by the Justice Department's inspector general suggests otherwise. From 2004-09, said Inspector General Michael Horowitz, the FBI tripled its use of bulk collec- tion, Yet, he said, "The agents we interviewed did not identify any major case developments that resulted from use of records obtained in response to Section 215 orders." The House last week passed the USA Freedom Act, which does not altogether outlaw col- lection of metadata, but would at least require a court order based on probable cause before the NSA, FBI or other government agency could access phone and other records. We don't expect that revision of Section 215 to be included in whatever short-term extension of the Patriot Act's expiring provi- sions the House and Senate work out by June 1. But changes abso- lutely should be included in any longer-term extension approved by lawmakers. Disclaimer: The views expressed in this editorial do not necessarily reflect those of the Cheney Free Press. Time to make fundin( for public mental health By ROGER STARK Contributor The treatment of men- tally ill patients has un- dergone radical changes in "~*" " : '" '. '~" ~q"~'.X,~ the past 150 years, and ~. ~i: not always for the bet- natelY,licter" UnfortU-healthPUb_ treatment Ro0 Slick remains grossly underfunded and consequently care is frag- mented and places a huge social burden on American communities. People with mental ill- nesses range from perfectly functional individuals, to those with severe disabili- ties who are unable to care for themselves. The role of government is to serve as a safety-net and to help dysfunctional, impaired people who may do harm to themselves or others. Institutionalizing the mentally ill became popu- lar in the mid-19th century and the federal government funded psychiatric hospitals or "asylums." Community and home-based treatment began in the 1950s and was placed into federal law in 1963 with the Community Mental Health Centers Con- struction Act. Federal action caused psychiatric hospitals to rap- idly close. From 1955 to 1980, the number of institu- tionalized patients dropped 75 percent. From 1955 to 2000, state psychiatric beds per 100,000 people plum- meted from 339 to 22. There is now a shortage of avail- able psychiatric beds both nationally and in Washing- ton state. Community-based treat- services a priority ment over the past 60 years has included regional men- tal health centers, super- vised residential homes, psychiatric teams and im- proved medications. Re- search shows that both in- stitutionalization and com- munity treatment can be effective, depending on the patient's specific needs. Both approaches have sup- porters among mental health professionals. See Stark page 5 It's tim to reform crop insurance nd help smaller neighbors By TRACI BRUCKNER Contributor At the Center for Rural Affairs, we've heard from farmers across the Mid- west and Great Plains about nega- tive impacts of federally subsidized crop insur- ance for over Tl i Bm nor a decade. A farm safety net is important to help family farmers miti- gate risks, but there are real concerns with the current crop insurance program. The federal government subsidizes crop insurance, paying 62 percent of pre- miums, on average, in 2012. Insurance policies are sold and completely serviced through 19 approved private insurance companies. Not only does the federal government pay the majority of producers' premiums on every single acre, regard- FREE Press Production Manager Randy Warwick Pressman Mark Cordes Sales Steve Barge DeeAnn Gibb S Vol. 119- No. 6 Editor John McCallum Reporters Paul Delaney AI Stover Graphics Brittani Montecucco John Myers Bookkeeper/Office Manager Debi Labish Publisher Front Office Venus Bratsveen Dawn Chernak Harlan Shellabarger The Editorial Board is composed of Paul Delaney, AI Stover, Brittani Montecucco, Bill lift, John McCallum and Harlan Shellabarger The Free Press re- quests that contributors observe the following dead- lines, which will be strictly enforced: The Cheney Free Press is published every Thursday by the Free Press Publish- ing Company, William Ifft, president. Periodical post- age paid at Cheney, Wash. 99004. Published at 1616 W. First Street, Cheney, Wash. 99004. POSTMAsTER: Send address changes to: Cheney Free Press, P.O. Box 218, Cheney, Wash. 99004-0218. ID PUBLICATION # 102240 OBITUARIES, MEETINGS OF GOVERNMENT AGENCIES - Tuesday, 10 a.m. CHURCH, CLUB MEETINGS, ALL SOCIAL NEWS -- Monday, noon DISPLAY ADVERTISING -- Monday, 4 p.m. LEGAL NOTICES -- Monday, 5 p.m. CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING -- Tuesday, 11 a.m. Rates: Addresses in Spokane County, $24 per year; $36 per year outside Spokane County; senior citizens in Spokane County, $22 per year. For other rates, call 235- 6184. Subscription cancellations are non-refundable[ HOW TO CONTACT US less of how large they are or how much money they make, insurance companies' losses are also reinsured by USDA. In addition, the fed- eral government reimburses the insurance company's ad- ministrative and operating costs. In total, these xnsur- ance companies have lobbied and negotiated for guaran- teed profits approaching a 14 percent return on their investment. However, the current government subsidized crop insurance program is work- ing against the very farm- ers we all believe deserve a safety net. Phone: 235-6184 Fax: 235-2887 emall: cfp @ The program is not trans- parent, props up private insurance company profits, and puts our natural re- sources at risk. Moreover, unlimited crop insurance subsidies result in mega-farms driving up See Bruckner page 5 R EEZE!!! John McCallum A1 Stover Editor Staff Reporter Main contact for editorial coverage. Cov- Covers all Medical Lake government, ers all Cheney govemment, communi~, community and school district news, as school district news and events, as well well as Airway Heights news and Cheney as Cheney High School spor~.High School sports. jmac @ a/ @ cheneyfreepress.cem Paul Delaney Staff Reporter Covers all Medical Lake High School and Eastern Washington Univers~ sports and news, Contact for miscellaneous sports. { pr as.cora