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Cheney Free Press
Cheney , Washington
August 7, 1964     Cheney Free Press
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August 7, 1964

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Page 2 Cheney Free Press Friday, August 7, 1964 CHENEY FREE PRESS ESTABLISHED 1896 PUBLISHED AT 412 FIRST ST., CHENEY, WASH. Eutered at the Post Office at Cheney, Washington, as Second Class Matter under the Act of March 5, 1897. Issued every N AT I O N A t E O I T O R I A L Friday morning at Cheney, Washington.  Spokane County Subscriptions ................................ $4.50 per year All Other Subscriptions ........................................ $5.00 per year G. T. FROST .................................. PUBLISHER JACK PIERCE .................................... EDITOR Down The Drain The Citizens Public Expenditure Survey reports that about $9 out of every $100 you pay in federal taxes nov go into federal aid, and the total is expected to reach $10.6 bil- Ran in fiscal 1965. By way o4 comparison, that is four times its size 10 years ago when fled- oral aid came to $2.7 billion. To add ne more revealing statistic, there are at least 59 programs for federal assist- ance to state and locai governments. More are in the works. One trouble is that Congress very seldom looks back to see if the aid programs it adopts are actually doing what they were supposed ,o do. And, once started, few of these pro- grams .ever end. A proposed bill calls for periodic Congres- sional review of federal grant-in-aid programs. This is clearly necessary-and the money sav- irg that could and should result is just part of the story. The way things are going, state and local governments will in time become moon, gloss anachronisms, totally dominated by the federal colossus. And local pride, re- sponsibility and independence will go dovn the draha with them.  Exaggerating Profits We are often told that the American pople, by and large, are woefully deficient in their knowledge of economics. And that seems to accurately apply to ju.t about every area Where 'an economic question is involved. Take, for instance, a question which comes home to every family and which was asked in a recent survey: "For every one hundred dollars spent at your food store, about how much profit do you think the store makes after paying all expenses?" The answers ran a wide gamut--the pea!; figure being 60 per cent and the lowest, provided by 9 per cent of the people answering, being less than 3' per cent. A quarter of the respondents, which made up the largest single group, guessed that profit in this case ran from 21 to 40 per cent. This survey indicates that "... most people have a vague and often distorted idea about food store profits." A major food chain re- printed these findings in its :house organ add- ing that its own profit on each dollar of sales runs to 1.21 cents. That figure just ,about fits all the other food chains and numbers of independent food stores as well. And stores selling goods other than foods commonly earn only three or four per cent on the sales dollar. The fact is that the great part of any sales dollar, no matter what it is spent for, goes for .stocks of goods, for rents ,and taxes, for wages and other payroll costs, and the other expenses that are a necessary 'part of doing business. The share that winds up as profR, it is clear, is vastly exaggerated in the minds of mast of us. Letters to L the Ed,'tor.../J00 l Jl Dear Editor: The latest Republican pep talk in the Cheney Free Press takes New York Senators Keating and avits to task for their decision, not to support the Republican national ticket, end likens them to "spoed children who don't get their own way at games." There is one vast fault in this comparison. We aren't playing games; we are conduct- ing a campaign to determine who will guide our country the .next four years. There's a lot more at stake than who gets first turn at hopscotch. Anyone who blindly vtes the party line, be it Republican or Democrat, without regard to the individual candMate, is either stupid or an opportun- ist, hoping to make friends in the party to help his own advancement. A great many Americans rightly or wrongly, think Barry Goldwater would be a gen.uine menace to our very national survival because of his fre- quently ill-considered state- ments and proposals. Some people who hold this view are Republicans--I've heard them. Are they to ignore their own strong feelings and vote for Goldater just because he claims their party label? I should hope not, just as I would hope that Democrats would refuse to support some- one .like George Wallace if he were nominated. Neil Parse 690 Commercial St. SE Salem, Oregon P.S.--Incidentally, are you ad- vising Southern Democrats to stick with their party and not act like "spoiled children"? Editor's comment: In the October 26, 1962, issue of the Free Press, the following inter- pretation of the late President Kennedy's call for the election of more Democrats to Congress appeared. "What President Kennedy reaUy seeks is more liberals in Congress. Since most liber- als are Democrats, he is caring for more Democrats. Though he isn't likely to admit it, he would settle for more Repub- licans like Jacob Javits." The author of these words was Neff Iarse, who was edit- or of this newspaper at the time. His own editorial com- ment speaks more clearly than any that can be made at this time. Cheney Free Press: tn reference to the editorial in the .luly 31 issue of the Free Press concerning Mrs. Streeter's recent visit, I agree someorm overlooked the fact that Cheney .bears her grand- father's name and the town means a great de,at to her. Surely it wotfld have been appropriate for arrangements to ,have included a pubilc ap- pearance while in Cheney. For one I was most disappointed. In 1943, as a member of the WAC and as a native of Che- ney, I had the ban*or of "pro- sen,ring the colors" in honor of Col. Ruth Cheney Streeter, Marine Corps, when she "re- viewed troops" with WAC Col. Hobby and Eleanor Roosevelt. Moreover, it was my great pleasure of informally chatting with Col. Streeter. She asked many questions concerning o,ttr town, .and she c e,rtainy is a de- Irighful person to know. Well can I remember 'her making the statement she would hope to get to kn,ow the "old tim- ers" of Cheney .as the people meant so much to her family. I wonder if slte did not wonder why the town failed to "re- ceive" her. Helen B. Boo Conservation News By Clarence A. Kelley Soil Conservation Service ' July is the month for wind- ing up those "just before har- vest" jobs. There are still a few ponds aud waterways under construction, but most work will stop as soon as harvest be- gins. Lyle Davis, a farmer in the Four Mound Prairie area, is presently constructing a live- stock pond for his neighbor, Verne Pietz. The pond, being built with a dozer, is a size- able one, having top dime,n- sions of alprox_im,ately 80 feet by 100 feet. Davis is planning to begin construction on a pond of his own soon. Robert Bowen, northeast of Spangle, is working steadily on a spring development project. Earl Hill has done an excel- lent job in the completion of a spring development on his ranch near Liberty school. Corttractor Gordon Wichman has his backhoe at work in winding up construction of a shallow wildlife development for Harry Konshuk. The pur- pose of the development is to povide a feeding and nesting /tth AW area fr water fwl" This is only the second known private development of this type in the district. John McCourin will soon have construction started on a deep water wild- Washington Bar Association life pond near their home. Rudy Rosenzweig assisted HOME BUYING TIME Orland B. Kfllin in the site so- Summer is here and with it lection of woodland for five good weather that makes pea- acres of pruning and thinning. ple want to get out and enjoy Upper Columbia Academy li, fe. Often it's also the season was assisted in the layou of when people decide to look for 800 feet of sod watorway. that new house they've been Other waterways were report- planning to buy. ed completed with Elmer Par- The purchase of a home fre- !ter, 3,745 feet and Edgar Wid- quently is the largest single man, 3,643 feet. business transaction the buyer Otiher practices reported" ever makes, so it is mportant complied during June, were that factors ,pertaining to the 2,000 feet of open dram ditch house, land, title, etc., be set- ,at Gone Kaplan's and an earth- tled in advance of any formaJ en .sediment dam at Elmer Par- commitment to purchase. Same ter's. of the imporrtant actors are: Richard Jessen, SCS .techn- 1. How much is it to cost? clan, assisted John Ba,bb in 2. Exactly what property, the dewlopment of three real and personal, is included? ranch plans covering a corn- 3. Mortgmge or lend contract bined total of 2,167 acres. financing? The drt su,pervisers a- 4. What are to be the terms proved two new cooperative of payment? agreements with Elwood Landt 5. Is the seller to furnish a of Four Mound Prairie. "marketable" title? 6. What kind of deed must the seller give? 7. Who furnishes title in- surance, and who will pay for it? 8, Have the utilities and im- provements been installed and paid for? 9. Are there unpaid reel es- tate taxes or special assess- ments end who pays for them? 10. Are the improvements actually located on the lot and do they conform under zoning regulations? 11. How much insurance is in force and how is it to be =ro-rated? 12. When is the purchaser to have possession? 13. How and when must the offer be accepted? Usually the first step in buying a home is the maMng of an offer to purchase. Upon acceptance of the offer a con- tract is created. Too few peo- ple realize .the extreme im- portance of the offer to pur- chase. It is n just a way of stalling off other buyers. It should include all terms of the sMe. Making the offer is the mast important step in the mrchase. The buyer should discuss all matters with his own attorney. Many a buyer has signed away valu'able rights in an offer to purchase before ever consulting his at- torney. Then it is too late to rescind the bargain or correct a misunderstanding. Similarly, the sol]or should discuss with his attorney any offer received before acee.1t- ance. After acceptance of an offer by the sel,ler, the terms of the contract are fixed and cnnot be altered except with the oher party's consent. m PATRONIZE YOUR ADVERTISERS Sooner, or later, the Congress must come to grips with the problem of how to build up the Social Security fund, rather than spend time seeking ways to increase the benefit pay- ments out of the fund. *** This year, when the required report on the status of Social Security was given to Cong- ress, Rep. John Ashbrook, Ohio, took the trouble to read all 24 reports that h av e  been released  since the plan w a s ! started. He found some  interesting ii matters. [  In the sixi years 1958 ll@ through 1963, c.w. Harder the fund has paid out more than it has taken in. The defi- cit of pay outs over receipts runs as follows; 1958 $216 mil- lion, 1959 $1,271 million, 1960 $712 million, 1962 $1 billion, 274 million, 1963 $687 million. Only in 1961 was there a surplus amounting to $72 million. In 1950 payments had not yet reached $1 billion. Last year Social Security paid out $13 billion, 845 million. When the system started in 1937, the contribution to the fund was 1% each by employee and employer on the first $3,000 of earnings in a year. This has steadily increased until now the combined em- ployee and employer tax is 7% on the first $4,800 earned in a year and four years from now that will go up to 91,6%. Or expressed in another way, by 1968 an employer paying a . National Federation of Indevendent Business New Industry Has Impad On State Economy By Gov. Albert D. Rosellini I was pleased to announce recently that Intalco Alumin- um Corporation had chosen a site near Belilngham for its new $60 inillion aluminum re- duction plant. More recently ycm may have read that Kaiser Aluminum will reactivate its aluminum plant in acoma. G. Rosellini Those are two of many new industries coming into Wash- ington. For example, during the period July, 1962, through March, 1964, 1-10 new plants were located in our state. However, a,t this time 1 would like to discuss Inalco and Kaiser and Show the im- pact these industries will have on our total economy. Study Made According to a recent study ]00 new manu,facturing jobsi in a ,community will lead to 65 secondary non-manufacturing jobs to service the increased population. And in adidition to this there would be additional service jobs created for the maintenance, s u p p 1 y, a n d transportation needs of the new plant. In total this means about 70 ,additional jobs to : s e r v i c e the manufacturing plant and its employees. InM:lco Aluminum will em- ploy about 400 people when the plant opens in 1966. So based on the s.tudy referred to, tMs means about 250-280 additional lobs and payrolls. There are other economic values in this ifivture too. For example, each 100 new jobs[ wil increase retail sales ap-] proximately $300,000 annually. I This means retail sales as the l resu,lt of Intalco could show an I annual gain in excess off $1 million over what they pres- ently are. Tax Base Increased Since the tax base is in- creased with the arrival of new industry, the present lev- I el of governmental services the community enjoys could he paid for with less taxes per capita. However, it is well .to keep in mind that increases in population often require additional schools, utilities, streets, and simit'ar public ser- vice needs. The activation of the Kaiser phnt in Tacoma will mean 300 more jobs there. There! may be some increase of ser- vice jobs as well but not an the scale as Bellingham be- cause of he large industrial development rtow present in Tacoma and the firms servic- wage of $100 per week will pay almost another $5 per week in Social Security taxes, and the employee will be actually drawing, before income tax de- ductions, $95 per week. An average of 1,250,000 new beneficiaries are being added each year. In 1947, Rep. Ash- brook reports, the Social Se- curity report for that year pre- dicted in 1952 payments would reach $965 million. Instead, in 1952 they totaled $1 billion, 982 million. The 1949 report pre- dicted total payments in 1954 ef $1 billion, 167 million. Instead, they reached $3,276 million. * * * Thus, it seems reasonable that in order to keep faith with the people on the present sys- tem, new taxes from other sources will have to be raised to maintain payments. This is a major reason why the nation's independent busi- nessmen, voting through the National Federation of Inde- pendent Business, have con- sistently voted against using Social Security to finance medi- care, or other welfare plans. As evidenced by the data de- veloped by the Congressman, when bureaucrats project po- tential income and outgo, it is only a guessing game. *** And as further pointed out, there are claims from Washing- ton now that people with in- comes of $3,000 or less are liv- ing in dire poverty. * * * But people in those circum- stances are even now paying much more out in Social Secur- ity taxes than they are paying in income taxes. Thus the ques- tion becomes this. Can people in poverty be made more se- cure by taxing their poverty even more? ing them. But so,me increase can be anticipated and certain- ly there sh.ould be noticeable impact on retail spending from a new payroll that will exceed $2 million annua'lly. Means More Workers At Bellingham there will be an added economic boost be- cause of the construction of the new plant. This could mean 250-300 workers employed for six months or more and, of course, this construction pay- roll will have its own impact on the .'economy. Kaiser may not need as tong a period to reactivate its p,lan,t or the big capital expense for new con- struction. However, there will be the period of modernization and the payroll it will create. As you can see, new indus-i try brings much more to the total economy than just its own payroll. he secondary bermfits from new industry affects housing, agriculture, retail sales,, and even the open- ing of new businesses to ser- vice industry. But we need manufacturing because it is the basic industry, the key- stone to all that follows. You can find it in the classifieds. 40 Years Ago 1924 Brown & Hoter erected a arge signboard at Holm's car-, nor, just outside the west city limits. The sign advertises the garage and calls attention to Cheney's natural tourist park. Mr. anci Mrs. C. D. Man had as guests last week Mrs. W. G. Mulligan of Oakland, I Calif., Mr. altd Mrs. Wardner Hott of Hoquiam, ,and Mr. and Mrs. John Mulligan and Mr. and Mrs Will Mulligan of Spo- kane. Miss Axia Pearson of Kim- berly, B. C., is sepnding two weeks with Mr. and Mrs. E. R. I/elly. Mrs. Willard Bernard left Sunday for WiIliston, N. D., to visit her parents. The Rev. Alexander Coffin of Spokane 'has been named successor to Archdeacon Sev- erance as pastor of the Epis- copal church here. Frank Gepford of Amber is working in Mr. Garner's carpentry shop. Mr. and Mrs. Sam Webb let for Seattle Tuesday. Mr. Webb will attend the executive meet- irg of the farmer-labor party. Hilda and Dorothy Ewy, as- sisted by Iris Eason, Olive Hait- digson and lone Houghton, entertained with a party at the Ewy home for 15 guests. 30 Yea,'s Ago 1934 A series of removals to new tocati.ons witl ,affect several Cheney business firms. Pres- ent space in the Masonic build- ing on Main street now occu- pied by the Pioneer barber shop,Merton beauty shop and the Emmy Lou gift store will be consolidated and remodeled for Huse's grocery. Mrs. Faior is moving to the former Che- ney Power and Light building near .the Martin Mill office. Rubey Kelly will occupy the present Huse's store and the Pioneer barber shop will be lo- cated in the same building. Ruth Larson and Emma Jean Harrington of the Morton beauty shop will move to Spo- kane. A license to sell beer was re- ceived Timrsday by Dahlias Lyon fro,m the State Liquor board Mr. Lyon received the to sell both draft and bottled beer ,at his new loca- tion just e,ast of the city on the highway. According to Orr Farring- ton, county health authorities rcceItly tested the water at Fish lake ,and found it entirely free of ilffaniie paralysis germs. Misses Binna and Franc Ma- son entertained with a dinner Sunday honoring Charlotte Louthan ,and Dave Wi}.liams, whose marriage will take place in Spokane Aug. 15. Dortald Hedge and Curtis Budolf are harvesting Rudolf place. Edward harvestm,g with the Grien outfit. 20 Years 1944 After 63 years in dising, C,haries turn over Bernard's stove here to Elmer formerly of Pioneer berta, Canada. F. W. tIeinema.rm sack ,of flour offered Cheney Grain Growers first crop to be the Cheney elevator. Owes won the sack of the first load Rodna warehouse of hey Grain Growers. ery was Hymar wheat. Mrs. W. B. McLaren appointed Cheney tire 'of the Spokane Camp and Hospital the Red Cross. Mrs. Augusta honored on her 85th with a nei Mrs. Light Barton daughter, Barbara, birthday cake. A community was given for Thursday on the. GuY lawn. Cliff left Friday eatur, Ind., to study eering and the Fred Reppert Mr. and Mrs. Emil and family of Four tended a wedding Mr. and Mrs. Glen iMrs. Johnson (Vient:a i to) s Mrs. Wu,otila's i Opening of Cheney may be delayed one enough parents cause of this year's vest. Opening day ally scheduled f, or More lhan 40 gathered Monday at E. Williams pl.ace on iams lake road and day baling and They completed the Mrs. Charlotte Will,at husband died of a tack July 29 while he ing hay. New rifle racks after those in use ton State college installed at the cording to ceived from Lt. Col. Carger. Miss Marlene Delray Standifer were July 31 in the ChLermY uel Lutheran church Rev. Edward Wagner ing. Miss Sue Daniels is Europe with a Everybody benefits when food is fresher... more plentiful --thanks to &merica's Rural Elsctr00cc Rural power t$ a wellspring of America'S abundance. Thanks to his consumer-owned rural system, America's farmer does his work faster more efficiently. Electricity helps him feed and and hogs, hatch and care for more chickenS, more cows. It lights his barns, cools milk and and keeps food fresh and safe. The end fresher, healthier food on your table. And it less of your family budget than ever before. Consumer-owned rural electric cases cooperatives-help guarantee that farmers will be able to meet all of this nation's ing demands for food. These rural electrics w,.'th the help of Rural Electrification ioans-ard they are owned and directed by the ple they serve. As farmers use more and more produce more and better food, REA loans to help the rural electrics keep pace with ing demand-and everybody benefits. INLAND POWER & LIGHT CO. Inland Is Good For Spokane m